Shelf-life limits and spoilage of seafood is an ongoing dilemma for processors.
In the factories, sea water is often used as a medium for transporting fresh fish from one processing point to the next. Throughout processing, sea water becomes progressively soiled allowing microorganisms to flourish thus pre-empting spoilage. ECA solutions eliminate and control all pathogenic organisms, including Staphylococcus Aureus and E.coli (0157). ECA reduces the overall microbial bio-load of spoilage organisms, thereby substantially reducing the risk of cross contamination.
Anolyte in fish & shrimp farming
Every year, several billion fish and shrimps are bred worldwide. Malaysia is one of the largest shrimp farmers in the world. But here too, the same problem exists as in all other countries. In fish and shrimp farming, many diseases are caused by bacteria, mainly due to the pollution of water and feed.
Scientists, fish and shrimp farmers have been testing new techniques, concepts and ideas for improving production for years, but without success! After years of work and research we are able to solve these problems in shrimp and fish farming by using Anolyte.
With Anolyte, all the phases of the breeding process are safer and more reliable.
Anolyte gives new impetus to fish and shrimp farming
Catfish breeding in Germany
Shrimp breeding in Malaysia
Aquaria in France
Anolyte as disinfectant for water & feed
Treating the feed with Anolyte offers several advantages: It improves preservation, promotes growth, increases productivity, reduces mortality and improves quality. Viral diseases are the biggest obstacle in rearing. Daily disinfection of feed and pond water with Anolyte and the introduction of fresh water is an effective way to prevent disease.
After treatment of the feed with Anolyte, it is evenly distributed throughout the pond. Attached feeding nets prevent the feed from being blown away by the wind, so that the feed is distributed evenly.
ECA stands for electrochemical activation and is a technology that has been employed for more than 100 years, although it was not until the 1970s that the physicochemical properties of ECA were extensively researched at the All-Russian Institute for Medical Engineering.
The transformation of low mineral salt solutions into an activated metastable state, by electrochemical unipolar action, generates two separate and distinct compounds, generically termed anolyte and catholyte which correspond to their derivative electrode chambers:
The use of electrolysis for the production of reductant-oxidant solutions is used in the processes of water purification and decontamination, as well as for transforming water or diluted electrolyte solutions into environmentally friendly anti-microbial, washing, extractive and other functionally useful solutions.
This is largely due to ECA high activity, use of cheap raw materials and ease of production.
The system produces a liquid disinfectant, non-toxic and degradable, capable of destroying bacteria, spores, viruses, moulds, yeasts, fungi, biofilms (biological incrustations) on pipes and removing odours. Its operation requires only water, Sodium or Potassium Chloride (salt) and electricity.
HOW ECA WORKS
ECA works the same way as the human immune system. When the body is under attack from invading bacteria and viruses, the immune system immediately responds by sending neutrophils (white blood cells) to the invasion site.
Neutrophils are one of the body’s main defences against bacteria and, once activated, produce large amounts of a mixed oxidant solution which is effective in eliminating invading microbes and pathogens.
This weak acid, which occurs naturally in the human body, is called hypochlorous acid (HClO) and it is a potent disinfectant. It is non-toxic to humans and is highly effective as an antimicrobial agent with rapid action. Hypochlorous acid is widely recognized as one of the most effective known biocides.
In detail, the system consists of an electrolysis cell containing two electrodes, a cathode and an anode, separated by a diaphragmatic membrane. In the cell is injected an aqueous solution consisting of filtered and softened water and, depending on the application, sodium chloride (NaCl, salt) or potassium chloride (KCl). With the use of electricity with predefined and controlled amperage and voltage values, the cell produces an electrically-activated liquid, Anolyte, with high disinfection power that can be used in a variety of applications.
This unipolar electrochemical activation created by potential gradients of millions of volts per cm2 between the anode and cathode terminals, results in the creation of solutions whose pH, Oxidation Reduction Potentials (ORP) and other physicochemical properties, lie outside of the range which can be achieved by conventional chemical means.
CHARACTERISTIC AND ADVANTAGES OF ELECTRO-ACTIVATED SOLUTIONS
Electro-activated solutions produced by the system are respectively:
|Acid Anolyte||Active Cl |
500 / 700 ppm
|2.5 / 5.0||1200 / 1000 mV|
|Neutral Anolyte||Active Cl |
500 / 700 ppm
|6.0 / 8.0||950 / 850 mV|
|Catolyte||Sodium hydroxide |
|10.0 / 12.0||-800 / -900 mV|
As presented in several scientific publications, multicellular organisms, including humans and hot blood mammals, to defend themselves against pathogens and foreign microorganisms are able to synthesize, through metabolism, complex mixtures of metastable oxidizing compounds.
These compounds possess a wide spectrum of action and are capable of damaging all major systemic groups of pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, mycobacteria, viruses, moulds, spores, etc.) without damaging multicellular organisms and human tissues.
The oxidizing liquids and their chemical production mechanisms are similar to those generated in our ECA system and are precisely these common characteristics that give Anolyte a high biocompatibility with human tissues and multicellular organisms besides not being toxic to the environment.
Anolyte has the following advantages:
Anolyte and Catholyte also have the following characteristics: