The Syrian steppe rue, | Peganum harmala | Turkish: Üzerlik tohumu
The steppe rue (Peganum harmala) is one of the oldest hallucinogens, but also traditional medicine of humanity; It occurs primarily in deserts, semi-deserts and steppes from western Asia to northern India, but occasionally also in the Mediterranean region. The steppe rue is also said to have sedative, aphrodisiac and antidepressant effects. The seeds have an intense smell and taste very bitter.
In folk medicine, steppe rue is used for urinary tract and stomach problems, menstrual problems, nerve problems and for sexual stimulation (India). It is even used for Parkinson's disease. Other traditional uses include hair loss, hemorrhoids and wound treatment
The smoke is said to protect against the evil eye, drive away devils and demons and make you clairvoyant. The shamans of Nepal use the seeds as a magical incense. In Turkey, rue is smoked to combat the effects of the evil eye. When smoked, the seeds give off a bitter smoke that smells like a forest fire. Traditionally, steppe rue is also used for fragrance purposes and as a dye. It is still used today in the Middle East to drive away ghosts from houses and apartments. Today the use of rue is most alive in Morocco.
Syrian Rue, scientific name Peganum harmala, is a perennial shrub found in the Mediterranean and various regions of Asia. It can now also be found growing wild on the American continent. Syrian rue is part of the plant family Nitrariaceae and can grow to 1m, but in the wild it rarely grows taller than 30cm. It has narrow leaves that are usually 5cm long when fully grown and produces many single white flowers.
Synonyms include harmal herb, harmel rue, Syrian steppe rue, wild rue. It belongs to the Jochblattaceae family. The seeds as well as the herb contain the carbolines harmaline, harmine and related bases such as harmalol and harmidine.
Perganum harmala, its benefits for the nervous system, scalp problems and How to use it.
Sick and Tripping from Syrian Rue
The steppe rue is a bushy plant that grows up to one meter high, with irregular, pinnate leaves; From April to May it bears green to white flowers, which produce cone-shaped fruits containing brown, angular seeds. These have an intense smell and taste very bitter.
Two to five grams of seeds are usually consumed orally; Due to the bitter taste, there are also alternative methods of consumption such as smoking, incense or, modernly, inhaling using a vaporizer.
Due to its effect as an MAO inhibitor, rue can also be used to increase or modify the effect of psychoactive drugs (e.g. psilocybin) or to enable a peroral effect (ayahuasca). Peganum harmala is consumed as a “supplement” to the psychoactive drug.
If rue is used to enhance the active ingredient contained in the psychoactive substance, it must be clearly stated that the intensification and change in effect cannot be estimated in advance and this should not be done carelessly.
Since the active ingredient harmaline is a so-called MAO inhibitor, the consumer should find out very carefully about the effects of these inhibitors before consuming them, as everyday things such as cheese, wine, caffeine or bananas can potentially lead to fatal poisoning under their influence.
Use as an entheogen:
The seeds of the steppe rue are smoked over a gas flame.
The seeds are usually consumed orally as part of an ayahuasca analogue due to the MAO inhibition caused by the harmane alkaloids they contain. Reversible MAO inhibitors are used to increase or modify the effects of psychoactive drugs or to enable an effect when administered orally. Alternative forms of consumption such as smoking, incense or vaporization are less common. The combination with dimethyltryptamine (DMT) from the South American plant species Psychotria viridis (the standard DMT source for ayahuasca) or native plant species such as reed and pole cane serves religious-shamanic and non-medical healing purposes. Oral DMT is not effective without additional reversible MAO inhibitors. The effect of seeds with other drugs is difficult to predict and can be dangerous under certain circumstances. In higher doses, the harmane alkaloids are accompanied by certain unpleasant side effects (e.g. vomiting).
In addition to being sedative, antidepressant, aphrodisiac, diuretic, digestive and hallucinogenic, the ingredients of steppe rue also have an abortive effect. The abortifacient effects of Peganum harmala are believed to be due to quinazoline alkaloids such as vasicin and vasicinone, as these have been found to have a uterine stimulating effect, apparently through the release of prostaglandins.
Due to MAO inhibition, mixed consumption with a variety of drugs and medications (alcohol, ecstasy, opiates, serotonin reuptake inhibitors, DXM, etc.) can cause serotonin syndrome, which is sometimes fatal. Numerous medications that can have a fatal interaction with MAO inhibitors must be discontinued with the agreement of the treating doctor several weeks before the planned intake of Steppenrue. Dietary guidelines for concomitant consumption of tyrosine- and histamine-containing foods with reversible MAOIs may be indicated.
With a few exceptions, steppe rue is legally available in almost all countries in the world. The seeds can also be found in Turkish and Iranian grocery stores in Europe for traditional uses.